Learn chinese idiom caomujiebing 学中文/草木皆兵

chinese idom caomujiebing

Learn Chinese Idiom Caomujiebing 学中文 成语《草木皆兵》

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Chinese idiom CAO MU JIE BING  is used to describe people when they are very frightened, they will be nervous and scared to death if they have a little trouble; it often describes the fear of losers.

成语草木皆兵是形容人在十分惊恐之时稍微有风吹草动 便紧张害怕得要命;常形容失败者的恐惧心理 。

Chéngyǔ cǎomùjiēbīng shì xíngróng rén zài shífēn jīngkǒng zhī shí shāowéi yǒu fēngchuīcǎodòng biàn jǐnzhāng hàipà dé yàomìng; cháng xíngróng shībài zhě de kǒngjù xīnlǐ.

 

 

草木皆兵

草木 [cǎo mù ]:The grass and trees

[ jiē ]: is

[bīng]:soldier

 

 

Learn Chinese Idiom Caomujiebing 学中文 HSK 成语《草木皆兵》

During the Eastern Jin Dynasty, most of the north was ruled by the Former Qin Dynasty. Fu Jian, the king of the former Qin Dynasty, was very ambitious and tried to rule the whole of China. In the nineteenth year of Jianyuan of the former Qin Dynasty (383), he personally led hundreds of thousands of troops to the south. The situation was very unfavorable for the Eastern Jin Dynasty, but the main battle faction headed by Prime Minister Xie An was not afraid of danger and decided to use a strategy to defeat the enemy several times more than their own.

东晋时期,北方的大部分地区都被前秦王朝统治。前秦的国王苻坚野心很大,企图统治整个中国。前秦建元十九年(383年),他亲自率领几十万大军大举南下。形势对东晋很不利,但以宰相谢安为首的主战派临危不惧,决定运用计谋,战胜比自己人数多几倍的敌人。

Dōngjìn shíqí, běifāng de dà bùfèn dìqū dōu bèi qián qín wángcháo tǒngzhì. Qián qín de guówáng fú jiān yěxīn hěn dà, qìtú tǒngzhì zhěnggè zhōngguó. Qián qínjiànyuán shíjiǔ nián (383 nián), tā qīnzì shuàilǐng jǐ shí wàn dàjūn dàjǔ nánxià. Xíngshì duì dōngjìn hěn bùlì, dàn yǐ zǎixiàng xiè ān wéishǒu de zhǔ zhàn pài línwéibùjù, juédìng yùnyòng jìmóu, zhànshèng bǐ zìjǐ rénshù duō jǐ bèi de dírén.

 

 

learn Chinese Idiom Caomujiebing 学中文 HSK成语

< Video> of Caomujiebing 成语草木皆兵

 

 

Xie Anxian sent people to spread the news that the Jin army was short of troops and that food and forage were about to run out. Fu Nuo was fooled, and immediately left the large army in Xiangcheng. With only 8,000 elite soldiers, he traveled day and night to Shouyang. At the same time, the Jin army took advantage of the cover of night to raid the Qin army stationed in Luojian. Qin Jun, who did not take Jin Jun seriously at all, never dreamed that Jin Jun would suddenly come, and many people died in their sleep. In this battle, the Qin army lost more than 15,000 people, and the general Liang Cheng was also killed.

谢安先让人到处散布晋军兵少、粮草将尽的消息. 苻坚果然上当了,立即把大部队留在项城,自己只带了八千精兵,日夜兼程,赶到寿阳。与此同时,晋军趁着夜幕掩护,突袭驻守在洛涧的秦军。根本没把晋军放在眼里的秦军,做梦也没想到晋军会从天而降,许多人还在睡梦之中就做了刀下鬼。这一仗秦军损失一万五千多人,大将梁成也被杀死。

Xiè’ānxiān ràng rén dàochù sànbù jìn jūn bīng shǎo, liángcǎo jiāng jìn de xiāoxī. Fú jiān guǒrán shàngdàngle, lìjí bǎ dà bùduì liú zài xiàng chéng, zìjǐ zhǐ dàile bāqiān jīngbīng, rìyè jiānchéng, gǎn dào shòu yáng. Yǔ cǐ tóngshí, jìn jūn chènzhe yèmù yǎnhù, túxí zhùshǒu zài luò jiàn de qín jūn. Gēnběn méi bǎ jìn jūn fàng zài yǎn lǐ de qín jūn, zuòmèng yě méi xiǎngdào jìn jūn huì cóngtiān’érjiàng, xǔduō rén hái zài shuìmèng zhī zhōng jiù zuòle dāo xià guǐ. Zhè yī zhàng qín jūn sǔnshī yī wàn wǔqiān duō rén, dàjiàng liáng chéng yě bèi shā sǐ.

 

When Fu Jian heard the news that the Jin army had captured Luojian, he was shocked, and immediately climbed to the top of Shouyang City to watch the movements of the Jin army on the other side of the Feishui River. It was in the middle of winter at that time, and it happened to be a cloudy day. From a distance, Jin soldiers were armed with swords and halberds, and the lineup was very strict. The grass and trees on the mountain moved with the wind, as if countless Eastern Jin soldiers were practicing. Fu Jian’s face turned pale with fright, he turned his head in horror and said , “Who said the Jin army a weak team? It is a strong team clearly!”

苻坚听说晋军攻占了洛涧的消息,大惊失色,立即登上寿阳城头,亲自观看淝水对岸晋军的动静。当时正值隆冬时节,又恰好是个阴天,远远望去,晋兵持刀执戟,阵容十分严整。山上的草木随风而动,仿佛有无数个东晋士兵正在操练。苻坚顿时吓得面如土色,惊恐地说:“晋军哪里是一支弱旅?分明是一支劲旅啊!”

Fú jiān tīng shuō jìn jūn gōngzhànle luò jiàn de xiāoxī, dà jīng shīsè, lìjí dēng shàng shòu yáng chéng tóu, qīnzì guānkàn féi shuǐ duì’àn jìn jūn de dòngjìng. Dāngshí zhèng zhí lóngdōng shíjié, yòu qiàhǎo shìgè yīn tiān, yuǎn yuǎn wàng qù, jìn bīng chí dāo zhí jǐ, zhènróng shífēn yánzhěng. Shānshàng de cǎomù suí fēng ér dòng, fǎngfú yǒu wúshù gè dōngjìn shìbīng zhèngzài cāoliàn. Fú jiān dùnshí xià dé miànrútǔsè, jīngkǒng de shuō:“Jìn jūn nǎlǐ shì yī zhī ruò lǚ? Fēnmíng shì yī zhī jìnglǚ a!”

 

Soon, Xie Xuan asked Fu Jian to step back the army a little so that the Jin army could cross the Feishui decisive battle. Fu Jian was fooled again, the former Qin army was suddenly attacked by the Jin army when they were retreating and defeat. This is the battle of Feishui in history, in which the less defeated the more and the weak defeated the strong.

不久,谢玄要求苻坚把军队稍向后退,以便晋军渡过淝水决战。苻坚又中计,结果前秦军在后退时遭到晋军的突然袭击,伤亡惨重,大败而归。这就是历史上以少胜多、以弱胜强的战役——淝水之战。

Bùjiǔ, xiè xuán yāoqiú fú jiān bǎ jūnduì shāo xiàng hòutuì, yǐbiàn jìn jūn dùguò féi shuǐ juézhàn. Fú jiān yòu zhòng jì, jiéguǒ qián qín jūn zài hòutuì shí zāo dào jìn jūn dì túrán xíjí, shāngwáng cǎnzhòng, dà bài ér guī. Zhè jiùshì lìshǐ shàng yǐ shǎo shèng duō, yǐ ruò shèng qiáng de zhànyì——féi shuǐ zhī zhàn.

–Learn Chinese Idiom Caomujiebing 成语草木皆兵

 

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