Learn Chinese Idiom Tuibisanshe 学中文/退避三舍

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Learn Chinese Idiom Tuibisanshe 学中文 HSK成语《退避三舍》

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This idiom is generally used as a metaphor for giving in or avoiding people in order to avoid conflict.

该成语一般比喻对人让步或有所回避,以避免冲突。

Gāi chéngyǔ yībān bǐyù duì rén ràngbù huò yǒu suǒ huíbì, yǐ bìmiǎn chōngtú.

 

退避三舍

退避 [tuì bì ]:back off

三 [sān]: three

舍 [shè ]: Quantifiers;Thirty Li are one She

 

 

Learn Chinese Idioms Tuibisanshe 学中文 HSK成语《退避三舍》

During the Spring and Autumn Period, Duke Xian of Jin listened to the slander, killed the crown prince Shen Sheng, and sent someone to arrest Shen Sheng’s younger brother Chong’er. Hearing the news, Chonger escaped from Jin and lived in exile for more than ten years. After untold hardships, Chong’er came to Chu. King Cheng of Chu believed that Chong’er would do great things in the future, so he greeted him with the courtesy of the monarch and treated him like a guest.

春秋时期,晋献公听信谗言,杀了太子申生,又派人捉拿申生的弟弟重耳。重耳闻讯,逃出了晋国,在外流亡十几年。经过千辛万苦,重耳来到楚国。楚成王认为重耳日后必有大作为,就以国君之礼相迎,待他如上宾。

Chūnqiū shíqí, jìn xiàngōng tīngxìn chányán, shāle tàizǐ shēn shēng, yòu pài rén zhuōná shēn shēng de dìdì zhòng’ěr. Zhòng’ěr wén xùn, táo chūle jìn guó, zàiwài liúwáng shí jǐ nián. Jīngguò qiān xīn wàn kǔ, zhòng’ěr lái dào chǔ guó. Chǔ chéng wáng rènwéi zhòng’ěr rìhòu bì yǒu dà zuòwéi, jiù yǐ guójūn zhī lǐ xiāng yíng, dài tā rú shàngbīn.

 

learn chinese idiom tuibisanshe HSK 学中文

< Video> of Tuibisanshe  成语退避三舍

 

One day, the King of Chu held a banquet to entertain Chong’er, and the atmosphere was very harmonious. Suddenly, the King of Chu asked Chong’er, “If one day you return to Jin State and become the King, how will you repay me?” Chong’er smiled and replied, “Thanks to you,If I can really return to Jin to preside over the state,I would like to be friendly with Chu. If there is a war between Jin and Chu states one day, I will order my army to retreat three She before fighting you.”

一天,楚王设宴招待重耳,气氛十分融洽。忽然楚王问重耳:“你若有一天回晋国当上国君,该怎么报答我呢?”重耳笑笑回答道:“要是托您的福。果真能回国主持朝政的话,我愿与贵国友好。假如有一天,晋楚国之间发生战争,我一定命令军队先退避三舍,再与您交战。”

Yītiān, chǔ wángshèyàn zhāodài zhòng’ěr, qìfēn shífēn róngqià. Hūrán chǔ wáng wèn zhòng’ěr:“Nǐ ruò yǒu yītiān huí jìn guó dāng shàng guójūn, gāi zěnme bàodá wǒ ne?” Zhòng’ěr xiào xiào huídá dào:“Yàoshi tuō nín de fú. Guǒzhēn néng huíguó zhǔchí cháozhèng dehuà, wǒ yuàn yǔ guì guó yǒuhǎo. Jiǎrú yǒu yītiān, jìn chǔ guó zhī jiān fāshēng zhànzhēng, wǒ yīdìng mìnglìng jūnduì xiān tuìbìsānshè, zài yǔ nín jiāozhàn.”

 

Four years later, Chong’er really returned to Jin and became the King,who is the famous Duke Wen of Jin in history. The state of Jin became increasingly powerful under his rule. In 633 BC, the armies of Chu and Jin met in battle. In order to fulfill his promise, Duke Wen of Jin ordered the army to retreat ninety li and be stationed in Chengpu. Seeing the Jin army retreat, the Chu army thought that Jin was afraid and immediately pursued it. The Jin army took advantage of the weakness of the Chu army’s pride , concentrated its forces, defeated the Chu army, and won the battle of Chengpu.

四年后,重耳真的回到晋国当了国君,就是历史上有名的晋文公。晋国在他的治理下日益强大。 公元前633年,楚国和晋国的军队在作战时相遇。晋文公为了实现他许下的诺言,下令军队后退九十里,驻扎在城濮。楚军见晋军后退,以为对方害怕了,马上追击。晋军利用楚军骄傲轻敌的弱点,集中兵力,大破楚军,取得了城濮之战的胜利。

Sì nián hòu, zhòng’ěr zhēn de huí dào jìn guó dāngle guójūn, jiùshì lìshǐ shàng yǒumíng de jìn wéngōng. Jìn guó zài tā de zhìlǐ xià rìyì qiángdà. Gōngyuán qián 633 nián, chǔ guó hé jìn guó de jūnduì zài zuòzhàn shí xiāngyù. Jìn wéngōng wèile shíxiàn tā xǔ xià de nuòyán, xiàlìng jūnduì hòutuì jiǔshí lǐ, zhùzhá zài chéng pú. Chǔ jūn jiàn jìn jūn hòutuì, yǐwéi duìfāng hàipàle, mǎshàng zhuījí. Jìn jūn lìyòng chǔ jūn jiāo’ào qīngdí de ruòdiǎn, jízhōng bīnglì, dàpò chǔ jūn, qǔdéle chéng pú zhī zhàn de shènglì.

–Learn Chinese Idiom Tuibisanshe

 

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