Learn Chinese Words 学中文/汉语词语

Learn Chinese Words 学中文/汉语词语

Learn Chinese Words 学中文/汉语词语

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Chinese words are mainly classified into two characters, three characters and four characters. One character can also be counted as a word, and words with four characters or more are mostly Chinese idioms.

汉语词语主要有两个字、三个字及四个字的分类,一个字也可以算作词语,四个字及四个字以上的词语多是成语

Hànyǔ cíyǔ zhǔyào yǒu liǎng gè zì, sān gè zì jí sì gè zì de fēnlèi, yīgè zì yě kěyǐ suàn zuò cíyǔ, sì gè zì jí sì gè zì yǐshàng de cíyǔ duō shì chéngyǔ.

 

According to the meaning of morphemes, Chinese words are divided into simple words and compound words. The whole simple word can only express one meaning and cannot be taken apart. For example: Rén, niǎo, fǎngfú, fúróng, pútáo. Compound words are made up of several morphemes and still have meaning when taken apart. For example:Yǔyán, kuàicān, tèqū, qiánjìn.

按语素意思分类,汉语词语分为单纯词、合成词。单纯词的整个词只能表示一个意思,不能拆开。比如:人,鸟,仿佛,芙蓉,葡萄。合成词是由几个语素组成的,拆开来仍旧有意义。比如:语言, 快餐, 特区,前进。

Àn yǔsù yìsi fēnlèi, hànyǔ cíyǔ jiégòu fēn wéi dānchún cí, héchéng cí. Dānchún cí de zhěnggè cí zhǐ néng biǎoshì yīgè yìsi, bùnéng chāi kāi. Bǐrú: Rén, niǎo, fǎngfú, fúróng, pútáo. Héchéng cí shì yóu jǐ gè yǔsù zǔchéng de, chāi kāi lái réngjiù yǒu yìyì. Bǐrú: Yǔyán, kuàicān, tèqū, qiánjìn.

 

Learn Chinese Words 学中文/汉语词语

Learn Chinese Words 学中文/汉语词语

 

 

According to the parts of speech, Chinese words can be divided into content words and function words. Content words refer to words with actual meaning, including nouns, verbs, adjectives, numerals, quantifiers, etc. Function words are words that have no real meaning, including adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, etc. Some people compare content words to the flesh and bones of the human body, and function words to the meridians of the human body.

按词性分类,词语可以分成实词和虚词。实词是指有实际意义的词,包括名词,动词,形容词,数词,量词等。虚词是指没有实在意义的词,包括副词,介词,连词等。有人把实词比作人体的血肉、骨头,把虚词比作人体的经络。

Àn cíxìng fēnlèi, cíyǔ kěyǐ fēnchéng shící hé xūcí. Shící shì zhǐ yǒu shíjì yìyì de cí, bāokuò míngcí, dòngcí, xíngróngcí, shù cí, liàngcí děng. Xūcí shì zhǐ méiyǒu shízài yìyì de cí, bāokuò fùcí, jiècí, liáncí děng. Yǒurén bǎ shící bǐ zuò réntǐ de xiěròu, gǔtou, bǎ xūcí bǐ zuò réntǐ de jīngluò.

 

According to the attitudes and feelings conveyed by words, Chinese words can be divided into positive words, derogatory words and neutral words. Words with the meaning of love and praise are called praise words. Words with hatred and derogatory connotations are called derogatory words. Words that express an objective and calm attitude are called neutral words.

按词语所传达出的态度和感情分类,词语又可以分为褒义词,贬义词和中性词。带有喜爱,赞许意味的词语叫褒义词。带有憎恶,贬斥意味的词语叫贬义词。表达的是客观冷静的态度的词语叫中性词。

Àn cíyǔ suǒ chuándá chū de tàidù hé gǎnqíng fèn lèi, cíyǔ yòu kěyǐ fēn wéi bāoyì cí, biǎnyì cí hé zhōng xìng cí. Dài yǒu xǐ’ài, zànxǔ yìwèi de cíyǔ jiào bāoyì cí. Dài yǒu zēngwù, biǎnchì yìwèi de cíyǔ jiào biǎnyì cí. Biǎodá de shì kèguān lěngjìng de tàidù de cíyǔ jiào zhōng xìng cí.

 

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