Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文/十二生肖

Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文

Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文/十二生肖

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Shí’èr shēngxiào, also known as the Chinese zodiac, is the twelve animals in China that match the year of birth with the twelve earthly branches, namely Zi (rat), Chou (ox), Yin (tiger), Mao (rabbit), Chen (dragon) , Si (snake), Wu (horse), Wei (sheep), Shen (monkey), You (chicken), Xu (dog), Hai (pig).

十二生肖,又叫属相,是中国与十二地支相配以人出生年份的十二种动物,即子(鼠)、丑(牛)、寅(虎)、卯(兔)、辰(龙)、巳(蛇)、午(马)、未(羊)、申(猴)、酉(鸡)、戌(狗)、亥(猪)。

Shí’èr shēngxiào, yòu jiào shǔxiang, shì zhōngguó yǔ shí’èr dìzhī xiāngpèi yǐ rén chūshēng niánfèn de shí’èr zhǒng dòngwù, jí zi (shǔ), chǒu (niú), yín (hǔ), mǎo (tù), chén (lóng), sì (shé), wǔ (mǎ), wèi (yáng), shēn (hóu), yǒu (jī), xū (gǒu), hài (zhū).

 

The Chinese zodiac is a certain animal corresponding to the year of his birth, and different zodiac animals correspond to different cultural images, characters and even destiny.

中国人的生肖就是他出生的年份所对应的某种动物,而不同的生肖动物又对应着不同的文化形象,人物性格甚至命运。

Zhōngguó rén de shēngxiào jiùshì tā chūshēng de niánfèn suǒ duìyìng de mǒu zhǒng dòngwù, ér bùtóng de shēngxiào dòngwù yòu duìyìngzhe bùtóng de wénhuà xíngxiàng, rénwù xìnggé shènzhì mìngyùn.

 

Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文

Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文/十二生肖

 

 

  1. Shǔ 鼠

‘Shǔ’ means ‘rat’. The rat ranks first in the Chinese zodiac. In literature, the rat is a nasty, harmful and clever little animal that people love and hate.

‘鼠’即‘老鼠’。鼠在十二生肖中排名第一,在文学作品中,老鼠是一种令人讨厌、有害而又机灵的小动物,人们对它有情爱的也有憎恨的。

‘Shǔ’ jí ‘lǎoshǔ’. Shǔ zài shí’èr shēngxiào zhōng páimíng dì yī, zài wénxué zuòpǐn zhōng, lǎoshǔ shì yī zhǒng lìng rén tǎoyàn, yǒuhài ér yòu jīling de xiǎo dòngwù, rénmen duì tā yǒu qíng’ài de yěyǒu zēnghèn de.

 

 

  1. Niú 牛

Niú means ox. In the ancient farming society, ‘ox’ helped people to share a lot of heavy production activities. Chinese people are full of gratitude and respect for ‘ox’. For example, people often describe a person who is diligent as an ‘lǎo huángniú-old ox’. And when people praise a person for being able, they often say, ‘nǐ zhēn niú ‘! The ‘niú’ here means ‘fantastic’ and ‘powerful’.

在古代农耕社会,‘牛’帮人们分担了大量的繁重的生产活动。中国人对‘牛’充满了感激和尊敬.比如人们经常形容一个人勤恳踏实是‘老黄牛’。而当人们夸奖一个人能干时,也经常说‘你真牛!’这里的‘牛’是‘棒’和‘厉害’的意思。

Zài gǔdài nónggēng shèhuì,‘niú’ bāng rénmen fēndānle dàliàng de fánzhòng de shēngchǎn huódòng. Zhōngguó rén duì ‘niú’ chōngmǎnle gǎnjī hé zūnjìng. Bǐrú rénmen jīngcháng xíngróng yīgè rén qínkěn tàshí shì ‘lǎo huángniú’. Ér dāng rénmen kuājiǎng yīgè rén nénggàn shí, yě jīngcháng shuō ‘nǐ zhēn niú!’! Zhèlǐ de ‘niú’ shì ‘bàng’ hé ‘lìhài’ de yìsi.

 

 

  1. Hǔ 虎

‘Hǔ ‘ means ‘tiger’; the tiger has always been worshipped by the Han nationality, and is a symbol of justice, bravery and majesty, such as ‘hǔ hǔshēng wēi–mighty like a tiger’.

‘虎’是指‘老虎’;虎一直受到汉民族的崇拜,是正义、勇猛、威严的象征,如‘虎虎生威’。

‘Hǔ’ shì zhǐ ‘lǎohǔ’; hǔ yīzhí shòudào hàn mínzú de chóngbài, shì zhèngyì, yǒngměng, wēiyán de xiàngzhēng, rú ‘hǔ hǔshēng wēi’.

 

 

  1. Tù 兔

Tù means rabbit. Rabbits are docile and cute in appearance, innocent and lively, free and active. In the Guanghan Palace in the story of “Chang’e Flying to the Moon”, a jade rabbit accompanies Fairy Chang’e.

兔外表温顺可爱,天真活泼、自由好动。‘嫦娥奔月’故事里的广寒宫里就有一只玉兔陪伴着嫦娥仙子。

Tù wàibiǎo wēnshùn kě’ài, tiānzhēn huópō, zìyóu hǎo dòng.‘Cháng’é bēn yuè’ gùshì lǐ de guǎng hán gōng lǐ jiù yǒuyī zhǐ yùtù péibànzhe cháng’é xiānzǐ.

 

 

  1. Lóng 龙

Lóng means dragon.”Dragon” is a mystical animal in Chinese legends, often used to symbolize auspiciousness. In feudal times, ‘dragon’ was often used to symbolize emperors and imperial power. In the folk, every festive festival, people will dance dragons to pray for peace and a good harvest. The Chinese are also known as the “Descendants of the Dragon”.

‘龙’是中国传说中的一种神异动物,常用来象征祥瑞。在封建时代, ‘龙’常常用来象征帝王和皇权。而在民间,每逢喜庆节日,人们都会以舞龙的方式来祈求平安和丰收。中国人又被称为‘龙的传人’。

‘Lóng’ shì zhōngguó chuánshuō zhōng de yī zhǒng shényì dòngwù, chángyòng lái xiàngzhēng xiángruì. Zài fēngjiàn shídài, ‘lóng’ chángcháng yòng lái xiàngzhēng dìwáng hé huángquán. Ér zài mínjiān, měi féng xǐqìng jiérì, rénmen dūhuì yǐ wǔ lóng de fāngshì lái qíqiú píng’ān hé fēngshōu. Zhōngguó rén yòu bèi chēng wèi ‘lóng de chuánrén’.

 

 

  1. Shé 蛇

Shé means snake. Snake is also known as ‘Little Dragon’. Snakes are flexible and alert, cold-blooded and supernatural. “Ditou she” is a common Chinese term, which refers to the powerful people in the local area, relying on the “advantage of the land”, to dominate their own territory.

‘蛇’又被称为‘小龙’。蛇灵活机警,冷血而灵异。‘地头蛇’是一个常见中文词语,是指地方上有势力的人仗着“地利”,在自己地界上称王称霸.

‘Shé’ yòu bèi chēng wèi ‘xiǎolóng’. Shé línghuó jījǐng, lěngxuè ér língyì.‘Dìtóushé’ shì yīgè chángjiàn zhōngwén cíyǔ, shì zhǐ dìfāng shàng yǒu shìlì de rén zhàngzhe “dìlì”, zài zìjǐ dìjiè shàng chēng wáng chēngbà.

 

 

Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文/十二生肖

Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文/十二生肖

 

 

  1. Mǎ 马

Mǎ means horse. In Chinese culture, ‘horse’ always presents the image of ‘positive and progressive’. For example, people often describe outstanding talents as ‘qian li ma”; the idiom “Longma jingshen” refers to a person’s vigorous spirit, self-improvement, and positive mental state.

‘马’在中国文化中总是呈现出‘积极向上,奋发有为’的形象。比如人们常常将杰出的人才形容为‘千里马’;而成语‘龙马精神’比喻人精神旺盛,自强不息,积极向上的精神状态。

‘Mǎ’ zài zhōngguó wénhuà zhōng zǒng shì chéngxiàn chū ‘jījí xiàngshàng, fènfā yǒu wéi’ de xíngxiàng. Bǐrú rénmen chángcháng jiāng jiéchū de réncái xíngróng wèi ‘qiānlǐmǎ’; ér chéngyǔ ‘lóngmǎ jīngshén’ bǐyù rén jīngshén wàngshèng, zìqiángbùxī, jījí xiàngshàng de jīngshén zhuàngtài.

 

  1. Yáng羊

Yáng means sheep. “Sheep” is often regarded as a symbol of good luck and prosperity. For example, ‘Sanyang Kaitai’.

‘羊’往往被人们视为吉祥瑞兆、美好兴旺的象征。比如‘三羊开泰’。

‘Yáng’ wǎngwǎng bèi rénmen shì wéi jíxiáng ruìzhào, měihǎo xīngwàng de xiàngzhēng. Bǐrú ‘sān yáng kāi tài’.

 

 

  1. Hóu猴

Hóu means monkey. When we mention ‘monkey’, it is necessary to talk about the ‘Monkey King’ Sun Wukong. Monkey King is a monkey that jumped out of a stone. It is said that in the Tang Dynasty ,Tang Xuanzang went to the Western Heaven(India) through hardships and got the Buddhist scriptures under the protection of Sun Wukong. So Buddhism was introduced to China from then on.

当我们提到‘猴’的时候,有必要说一说‘美猴王’孙悟空。孙悟空是一只从石头里蹦出来的猴子,传说唐玄奘在孙悟空的保护下,历经艰辛从大唐到西天即今天的印度取来了佛经,佛教从此传入中国。

Dāng wǒmen tí dào ‘hóu’ de shíhòu, yǒu bìyào shuō yī shuō ‘měi hóu wáng’ sūnwùkōng. Sūnwùkōng shì yī zhǐ cóng shítou lǐ bèng chūlái de hóuzi, chuánshuō tángxuánzàng zài sūnwùkōng de bǎohù xià, lìjīng jiānxīn cóng dà táng dào xītiān jí jīntiān de yìndù qǔ láile fójīng, fójiào cóngcǐ chuán rù zhōngguó.

 

 

  1. Jī 鸡

Jī means chicken. Rooster crowing is an important life phenomenon to mark time in Chinese culture. So Chickens have become an important symbol of light, morning,night and time, which have derived meanings of diligence, order, and responsibility, such as Chinese idiom “wen ji qi wu–Get up and study when hear the Rooster crowing”.

公鸡打鸣是中国文化标记时间的重要生活现象。鸡成为光明、晨昏、时间的重要象征,并衍生出勤奋、秩序、责任的意涵,如成语‘闻鸡起舞’等。

Gōngjī dǎmíng shì zhōngguó wénhuà biāojì shíjiān de zhòngyào shēnghuó xiànxiàng. Jī chéngwéi guāngmíng, chénhūn, shíjiān de zhòngyào xiàngzhēng, bìng yǎnshēng chū qínfèn, zhìxù, zérèn de yì hán, rú ‘wénjīqǐwǔ’ děng.

 

 

  1. Gǒu狗

Gǒu means dog, also known as ‘quan’,dog is a close friend of human beings. People’s attitudes towards dogs are indeed contradictory. People often praise dogs for their loyalty, such as “dogs don’t think the family is poor”; however, people often describe servile people as “gou tui zi”, “gou yan kan ren di–dogs look down on people”.

‘狗’,别称‘犬’,是人类亲密的朋友。人们对狗的态度确是矛盾的。人们常常夸赞狗的忠诚,如‘狗不嫌家贫’;然而人们又经常将有奴性的人形容为‘狗腿子’,‘狗眼看人低’。

‘Gǒu’, biéchēng ‘quǎn’, shì rénlèi qīnmì de péngyǒu. Rénmen duì gǒu de tàidù què shì máodùn de. Rénmen chángcháng kuāzàn gǒu de zhōngchéng, rú ‘gǒu bù xián jiā pín’; rán’ér rénmen yòu jīngcháng jiāng yǒu núxìng de rén xíngróng wèi ‘gǒutuǐzi’,‘gǒu yǎnkàn rén dī’.

 

  1. Zhū 猪

Zhū means pig. ‘Pig’ is a symbol of wealth in Chinese culture and is a commonly used mascot for prosperity.

‘猪’在中国文化中是财富的象征,是常用的旺财吉祥灵物。

‘Zhū’ zài zhōngguó wénhuà zhōng shì cáifù de xiàngzhēng, shì chángyòng de wàng cái jíxiáng wù.

—Learn Chinese Zodiac 学中文/十二生肖

 

 

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