十二生肖 SHI ER SHENG XIAO / The Chinese Zodiac —— 中国人的星座故事

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中国古代没有钟表,人们根据生活经验和环境变化将每天分为12个时辰,这12个时辰由十二种不同动物来表示。比如子鼠,子时是23:00-00:59,这是老鼠最活跃的时间;寅虎,寅时是指03:00–04:59,这是老虎最凶猛的时刻;酉鸡,酉时是指17:00-18:59,这是鸡归巢的时间。

Zhōngguó gǔdài méiyǒu zhōngbiǎo, rénmen gēnjù shēnghuó jīngyàn hé huánjìng biànhuà jiāng měitiān fèn wèi 12 gè shíchén, zhè 12 gè shíchén yóu shí’èr zhǒng bùtóng dòngwù lái biǎoshì. Bǐrú zǐ shǔ, zǐ shí shì 23:00-00:59, Zhè shì lǎoshǔ zuì huóyuè de shíjiān; yín hǔ, yínshí shì zhǐ 03:00–04:59, Zhè shì lǎohǔ zuì xiōngměng de shíkè; yǒu jī, yǒushí shì zhǐ 17:00-18:59, Zhè shì jī guī cháo de shíjiān.

 

 

人们又将不同年份依次由这十二种动物来表示,这就是十二生肖。生肖就是你出生的年份所对应的这种动物。而中国人常常认为生肖能反映出一个人的性格,甚至命运。

Rénmen yòu jiāng bùtóng niánfèn yīcì yóu zhè shí’èr zhǒng dòngwù lái biǎoshì, zhè jiùshì shí’èr shēngxiào. Shēngxiào jiùshì nǐ chūshēng de niánfèn suǒ duìyìng de zhè zhǒng dòngwù. Ér zhōngguó rén chángcháng rènwéi shēngxiào néng fǎnyìng chū yīgè rén dì xìnggé, shènzhì mìngyùn.

 

上古时代,掌管天下水系的水灵兴风作乱

In ancient times, the water god was arbitrary , intrusive disturbing

 

它发起滔天洪水,危害人间

It Initiated floods, endangering people

 

一时间,生灵涂炭,民不聊生

For a moment, life was ruined, and the people were dying

 

玉帝率领二郎神和十二元辰

The heaven Emperor led Erlang Shen and the twelve animals

 

启动天地时盘,扭转乾坤

Started the world hour indicator , turned the world around

 

老鼠 Mouse

 

牛 OX

 

老虎 Tiger

 

兔 Rabbit

 

龙 Dragon

 

蛇 Snake

 

马 Horse

 

羊 Sheep

 

猴 Monkey

 

鸡 Chicken

 

狗 Dog

 

猪 Pig

 

 

时盘转动,天地变色

The hour indicator turned, the world changed

 

洪水退去,天下太平

The flood receded and the world became peace

 

玉帝论功行赏,封十二元辰为十二生肖  

The Heaven Emperor rewarded according to deserts,canonized the 12 animals as the Zodiac

子鼠,丑牛,寅虎,卯兔,辰龙,巳蛇,午马,未羊,申猴,酉鸡,戌狗,亥猪

Zi Mouse, Chou Ox, Yin Tiger, Mao Rabbit, Chen Dragon, Si Snake, Wu Horse, Wei Sheep, Shen Monkey, You Chicken, Xu Dog, Hai Pig

 

从此十二生肖各司其职,守护人间

Since then, the 12 zodiac has performed its duties and guarded the world

 

 

知识点

Nián 年 Year

 

Yvè 月 Month

 

Rì 日 Day

 

Shí  jiān 时   间 time

 

Shí  chén 时   辰  

One of the 12 two-hour periods into which the day was traditionally divided

 

一年有十二个月,一日有十二个时辰

 Each year has 12 months ;Each day has 12 Shichen

 

Shēng xiào 生肖

 

Shǔ xiàng 属相 The Chinese Zodiac

 

 

Huà hǔ bù chéng fǎn lèi quǎn 画虎不成反类犬

set out to be tigers but end up as dogs — fail to achieve what one set out to do

 

Tiān lóng nán dòu dì tóu shé 天龙难斗地头蛇

It means even a ferocious dragon will be no match for the snake in its old haunts

 

Hǎo mǎ bù chī huí tóu cǎo 好马不吃回头草

a good horse never goes back to graze the grass left behind—a true man never backtracks

 

Dǎ gǒu yào kàn zhǔ rén miàn 打狗要看主人面

before you beat a dog,find out who’s its master

 

 

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chinesetong
资深汉语教师,十年汉语教学经验

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