桃园结义 TAO YUAN JIE YI / Brotherhood forged in the peach garden —– 三个小人物结为兄弟建立了一个国家

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 三国是中国历史上一个特殊时期,三国时期的人物大多个性鲜明。蜀国是三国时期的一个王国,他们的开国君主刘备以前只是个靠卖草鞋为生的小人物。刘备的发迹离不开他的两个结拜兄弟关羽和张飞的鼎力相助,成语‘桃园结义’讲的就是他们三人结拜为兄弟的故事。

 

Sānguó shì zhōngguó lìshǐ shàng yīgè tèshū shíqí, sānguó shíqí de rénwù dàduō gèxìng xiānmíng. Shǔ guó shì sānguó shíqí de yīgè wángguó, tāmen de kāiguó jūnzhǔ liúbèi yǐqián zhǐshì gè kào mài cǎoxié wéi shēng de xiǎorénwù. Liúbèi de fǎ jī lì bù kāi tā de liǎng gè jiébài xiōngdì guānyǔ hé zhāng fēi de dǐnglì xiāngzhù, chéngyǔ ‘táoyuán jiéyì’ jiǎng de jiùshì tāmen sān rén jiébài wèi xiōngdì de gùshì.

 

Dong Han Mo nian

东汉末年

Towards the end of the Eastern Han dynasty

 

Chao ting wei ping pan zhao mu shi bing

朝廷为平叛招募士兵

The government recruited soldiers to fight rebellion

 

Zhe tian ,Liu Bei zheng kan zhao bing de gao shi

这天,刘备正看招兵的告示

On the day, Liu Bei was looking at the sign of recruiting soldiers

 

Ta yu dao yi ge hei lian da ge er

他遇到一个黑脸大个儿

He met a black-face big guy

 

Zhe ge ren jiao Zhang Fei

这个人叫张飞

His name is Zhang Fei

 

Zhang fei hen pei fu liu bei guan yu shi ju  de jian shi

张飞很佩服刘备关于时局的见识

Zhang Fei admired Liu Bei insight about the tims

 

Liu Bei zi bao jia men

刘备自报家门

Liu Bei introduced himself

 

Wo jiao Liu Bei

我叫刘备

My name is Liu Bei

 

Wo zu shang shi han shi zong qin

我祖上是汉室宗亲

I am a descendant of the founding emperor of the Han dynasty  

 

Xian zai yi mai cao xie wei sheng

现在以卖草鞋为生

Now selling straw shoes for a living

 

Ta men liang ren liao de hen tou ji

他们俩人聊得很投机   

They had many common topics

 

Zhang Fei qing liu bei yi qi qu he jiu

张飞请刘备一起去喝酒

Zhang Fei invited Liu Bei to drink wine together

 

Ta men lai dao yi ge jiu guan

他们来到一个酒馆

They came to a tavern

 

Zhe shi jin lai yi ge hong lian da han

这时进来一个红脸大汉

Then came a red-face big guy

 

Ta shi Liu Bei duo nian bu jian de yi ge peng you

他是刘备多年不见的一个朋友

He was Liu Beis friend who hasnt met for many years

 

Ta jiao Guan yu

他叫关羽

His name is Guan Yu

 

San ren xiang hu xin shang xiang tan sheng huan

三人相互欣赏相谈甚欢

They enjoyed each others and had many common points

 

Liu Bei yao qing ta me yi qi gan yi fan shi ye

刘备邀请他们一起干一番事业

Liu Bei invited them to build up establishment

 

Guan Yu he Zhang Fei biao shi yuan yi quan li zhui sui

关羽和张飞表示愿意全力追随

Guan Yu Zhang Fei agreed to follow

 

Ta men lai dao Zhang Fei de tao yuan

他们来到了张飞的桃园

They came to Zhang Fei’s peach garden

 

An nian ling da xiao jie bai wei xiong di

按年龄大小结拜为兄弟

To be sworn brothers by age

 

Ta men dui tian qi shi

他们对天起誓

They sworn to the Gods

 

Cong jin yi hou you fu tong xiang you nan tong dang

从今以后有福同享有难同当

From now on , sharing happiness and suffering with each others

 

Yi qi kai chuang shi ye

一起开创事业

To build up establishment together

 

Zai ci hou san shi fuo nian li

在此后三十多年里

Over the nest 30 years

 

San ren gan dan xiang zhao

三人肝胆相照

They  heart to heart to help each others

 

Ke fu jian nan wan xiang

克服艰难万险

Overcoming many tough difficulties

 

Gong tong kai chuang le shu guo ji ye

共同开创了蜀国基业

Created Shu Kingdom together

 

 

 

 

知识点

 

Táo Yuán Jié Yì  桃园结义

 

Xiàng chuán sān guó shí qī, liú bèi ,guān yǔ ,zhāng fēi zài táo yuán jié bài wéi xiōng dì 相传三国时期,刘备,关羽,张飞在桃园结拜为兄弟

 

It is said in the Three Kingdoms period, Liu Bei, Guan Yu, and Zhang Fei became sworn brothers in Taoyuan ( peach garden)

 

Zhè gè chéng yǔ xíng róng yǒu gòng tóng lǐ xiǎng de rén jié bài wéi xiōng dì

这个成语形容有共同理想的人结拜为兄弟

 

The idiom is used to describe the people became  sworn brothers for a common ideal

 

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chinesetong
资深汉语教师,十年汉语教学经验

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