神农尝百草 SHEN NONG CHANG BAI CAO /Shennong tested hundreds of herbs in person —— 中国农业之神的故事

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你可能不知道中药,但一定听说过治疗疟疾的青蒿素。中草药有几千年历史,在中国目前有12000多种中草药.对大多数中草药的药性的掌握都是靠作者亲身试药。《神农本草》是最早的中药理论,相传是一个叫神农的人亲身尝试百种草药后写出来的。

 

Nǐ kěnéng bù zhīdào zhōngyào, dàn yīdìng tīng shuōguò zhìliáo nüèjí de qīng hāo sù. Zhōngcǎoyào yǒu jǐ qiān nián lìshǐ, zài zhōngguó mùqián yǒu 12000 duō zhǒng zhōngcǎoyào. Duì dà duōshù zhōngcǎoyào di yàoxìng de zhǎngwò dōu shì kào zuòzhě qīnshēn shì yào.“Shénnóng běncǎo” shì zuìzǎo de zhōngyào lǐlùn, xiāngchuán shì yīgè jiào shénnóng de rén qīnshēn chángshì bǎi zhǒng cǎoyào hòu xiě chūlái de.

 

Yuan gu shi hou ,zai nan fang li shan fu jin sheng huo zhe yi ge jiao yan zu de bu luo

远古时候,在南方历山附近生活着一个叫炎族的部落

In ancient times, there was a tribe called Yan lived near the southern Lishan mountains

 

Yan zu de ren men kao da lie wei sheng

炎族的人们靠打猎为生

People of the Yan tribe live by hunting

 

Da bu dao lie wu jiu e du zi ,sheng bing le ye wu yao ke yi

打不到猎物就饿肚子,生病了也无药可医

People suffered from hungry if didn’t got prey ,and no medicine if got sick

 

You yi tian li shan de shi dong li dan sheng le yi ge tou shang zhang zhe jiao de ying er

有一天历山的石洞里诞生了一个头上长着角的婴儿

One day a baby with horns on its head was born in a cave of Lishan Mountain

Ying er chu sheng de shi hou ,shi dong si zhou mao chu jiu yan quan shui

婴儿出生的时候,石洞四周冒出九眼泉水

When the baby was born, there were nine springs spilled out of the cave

 

Hou lai zhe ge hai zi cheng le yan zu de shou ling bei zun wei yan di

后来这个孩子成了炎族的首领被尊为炎帝

Later the child became the leader of the Yan clan and was called Emperor Yan

 

 

Yi tian yi zhi hong se de da niao xian lai yi chuan zhong zi fang dao yan di shou li

一天一只红色的大鸟衔来一串种子放到炎帝手里

One day a big red bird put a string of seeds into the hands of Emperor Yan

 

Yan di jiang zhong zi zhong dao tu li ,bu duo jiu zhang chu yi pian he miao

炎帝将种子种到土里, 不多久长出一片禾苗

Yan planted the seeds into the soil and soon some rice shoots grew

 

He miao cheng shu hou yan di jiang ta zhu shu le qing ren men pin chang

禾苗成熟后炎帝将它煮熟了请人们品尝

When the rice shoot matured, Yan cooked it and asked people to taste

 

Ren men fa xian ta ji hao chi you neng tian bao du zi

人们发现它既好吃又能填饱肚子

People found it is delicious and can feed the stomach

 

Yu shi yan di jiang zhong zi fen song gei ren men bing jiao hui ren men geng zhong

于是炎帝将种子分送给人们并教会人们耕种

So Yan distributed the seeds and taught people to farm

 

Cong ci ren men you le liang shi chi ,zun cheng yan di wei shen nong

从此人们有了粮食吃,尊称炎帝为神农

Since then, people have grains to eat and honored Yan as Shennong

 

Dang shi ren men sheng bing le wu yao ke yi

当时人们生病了无药可医

At that time there was no medicine when people got sick

 

Shen nong jue ding dao shen shan ye lin qu cai ji yao cai

神农决定到深山野林去采集药材  中草药

Shennong decided to collect medicinal materials from the wide mountains

 

Yi tian shen nong fa xian yi zhong lv se de ye zi

一天神农发现一种绿色的叶子

One day Shennong found some green leaves

 

Ta jiao le jiao fa xian zhe zhong ye zi neng qing chu ti nei du su

他嚼了嚼发现这种叶子能清除体内的毒素

He chewed and found that the leaves could clear the toxins from body

 

Shen nong gei zhe zhong ye zi qu ming wei cha

神农给这种叶子取名为茶

Shennong named the leaf ‘cha’ — tea

 

Mei dang shen nong chang yao zhong du hou ta dou yong cha lai jie du

每当神农尝药中毒后他都用茶来解毒

When Shennong was poisoned for medicine trial ,he used the tea to detoxify

 

Tong guo qin zi shi chi ,shen nong fa xian le hen duo ke yi zhi bing de yao cai

通过亲自试吃,神农发现了很多可以治病的药材

Through the trial by himself, Shennong found many herbs that can treat illness

 

Yi tian shen nong fa xian yi zhong huang se de xiao cao

一天神农发现一种黄色小草

One day Shennong found a yellow grass

 

Ta zhai xia ye zi fang jin zui li

他摘下叶子放进嘴里

He took the leaves and put them in his mouth

 

Shui zhi zhe shi you ju du de duan chang cao

谁知这是有剧毒的断肠草

That was the highly toxic gelsemium elegan

 

Shen nong teng tong nan ren hun dao zai di

神农疼痛难忍昏倒在地

Shen Nong felt terrible pain and fell to the ground

 

Dang ren men zhao dao ta de shi hou ,shen nong yi jing si qu le

当人们找到他的时候,神农已经死去了

When people found him, Shennong was dead

 

Shen nong shou li jin wo zhe ta dui ge zhong zhi wu yao xing de ji lu ‘shen nong ben cao’神农手里紧握着他对各种植物药性的记录<神农本草>

Shennong held the book <Shennong Herbal Medicine >which recorded the medicinal properties of plants

 

Wei le ji nian shen nong ,ren men jiang ta chang bai cao de di fang cheng wei shen nong jia

为了纪念神农,人们将神农尝百草的地方称为神农架

In memory of Shennong, the place where Shennong tested herbs was called Shennongjia

 

Shen nong ye bei zun wei nong ye zhi shen he yao wang shen

神农也被尊为农业之神和药王神

Shennong was honored as the god of agriculture and medicine.

 

 

知识点

 

Nóng  农

nóng yè  农业 agriculture; farming

Nóng mín  农民 peasant ,farmer

Zhōng guó de nóng mín yī bān zhǐ xiǎo nóng huò diàn nóng ,tā men kào zì jǐ hěn shǎo de tǔ dì huò gěi bié rén gēng zhòng tǔ dì móu shēng

中国的农民一般指小农或佃农,他们靠自己很少的土地或给别人耕种土地谋生。

In China ,’nong min 农民’generally refer to small-peasant or tenants , who earn a living on their own little land or farming for others

 

Jǐ qiān nián lái ,zhōng guó dà duō shù rén kǒu dōu shì nóng mín .zhí dào jìn jǐ shí nián suí zhe gōng yè huà hé dà liàng nóng mín jìn chéng ,zhè zhǒng rén kǒu jié gòu cái fā shēng gǎi biàn

几千年来,中国大多数人口都是农民。直到近几十年随着工业化和大量农民进城,这种人口结构才发生改变。

For thousands of years, most people in China are peasants. Until recent decades this demographic structure changed with industrialization and large numbers of peasants entering cities

 

Zài zhè zhǒng shēng chǎn fāng shì shàng chǎn shēng de nóng gēng wén míng kě yǐ zuò wéi lǐ jiě zhōng guó de yí gè shì jiǎo

在这种生产方式上产生的农耕文明可以作为理解中国的一个视角

The Agricultural civilization produced in this mode of production can be used as a perspective to understand China

 

Zhǒng  zhòng  种

Zhǒng zi  种子  seed;

Gēng Zhòng   耕种 plough and sow; work on the farm;

 

Liáng shí  粮食 staple food; principal food

Dào gǔ  稻谷 rice (mainly in south)

Xiǎo mài  小麦 wheat (mainly in north)

Wǔ gǔ  五谷  the five cereals: rice, millet, millet, wheat, beans

Wǔ gǔ fēng dēng  五谷丰登  an abundant harvest of all crops

 

Yào 药 medicine; drug; chemicals

cǎo yào 草药 medicinal herb

 

Zhōng guó shì cǎo yào de fā yuán dì ,mù qián zhōng guó dà yvē yǒu yī wàn èr qiān zhǒng cǎo yào

中国是草药的发源地,目前中国大约有12000种草药。

China is the birthplace of medicinal herbs. At present, there are about 12000 kinds of herbs in China.

 

Zhōng yào yóu cǎo yào ,dòng wù yào ,kuàng wù yào gòu chéng,cǎo yào zhàn le dà duō shù

中药由草药,动物药,矿物药构成,草药占了大多数。

Traditional Chinese medicine is made up of herbs, animal medicine and mineral medicine, and herbal medicine accounts for the majority.

 

Chá  茶 tea plant; tea;

Chá yè  茶叶 tea; tea-leaves

Gēn jù fā jiào chéng dù bù tóng ,chá yè fēn wéi hóng chá ,huáng chá ,bái chá ,lǜ chá děng根据发酵程度不同,茶叶分为红茶,黄茶, 白茶,绿茶等

According to the degree of fermentation, tea is divided into black tea, yellow tea,white tea, green tea, etc.

 

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