Learn Chinese Yellow River 学中文/黄河

yellow river

Learn Chinese Yellow River 学中文/黄河

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The Yellow River is the second longest river in China. The Yellow River basin is considered to be the cradle of the Chinese nation, and the Yellow River is called the mother river.

黄河,是中国的第二长河,黄河流域被认为是中华民族的摇篮,黄河被成为母亲河。

Huánghé, shì zhōngguó de dì èr chánghé, huánghé liúyù bèi rènwéi shì zhōnghuá mínzú de yáolán, huánghé bèi chéngwéi mǔqīn hé.

 

It is called the ‘Yellow River’ because its water is yellow. Because the Yellow River flows through the Loess Plateau ,so it entrains a large amount of sediment. The Yellow River is also the river with the most sediment in the world. Most of these sediments flow into the sea, and some of them gradually form downstream alluvial plains.

‘黄河’,因为河水呈现黄色,被称为‘黄河’。由于黄河流经黄土高原地区,因此夹带了大量的泥沙,黄河也是世界上含沙量最多的河流。这些泥沙,大部分流入大海,一部分逐步形成了下游的冲积平原。

‘Huánghé’, yīnwèi héshuǐ chéngxiàn huángsè, bèi chēng wèi ‘huánghé’. Yóuyú huánghé liú jīng huángtǔ gāoyuán dìqū, yīncǐ jiádàile dàliàng de ní shā, huánghé yěshì shìjiè shàng hán shā liàng zuìduō de héliú. Zhèxiē ní shā, dà bùfèn liúrù dàhǎi, yībùfèn zhúbù xíngchéngle xiàyóu de chōngjī píngyuán.

 

Learn Chinese Yellow River 学中文/黄河

Learn Chinese Yellow River 学中文/黄河

 

Due to a large amount of sediment deposition, the Yellow River channel has been raised year by year. The lower riverbed is 3-5 meters higher than the ground, and some riverbed are higher 10 meters than ground. It is a famous “hanging river” in the world.

由于大量泥沙淤积,黄河河道逐年抬高,下游河床高出地面3~5米,部分河床高出10米,是世界上著名的”地上悬河”。

Yóuyú dàliàng ní shā yūjī, huánghé hédào zhúnián tái gāo, xiàyóu héchuáng gāo chū dìmiàn 3~5 mǐ, bùfèn héchuáng gāo chū 10 mǐ, shì shìjiè shàng zhùmíng de”dìshàng xuán hé”.

 

About 4,000 years ago, some tribes formed in the Yellow River Basin. Among them, the two most powerful tribes were Yandi and Huangdi. Later, the Huangdi obtained the status of the leader of the alliance and merged with other tribes to form the “Huaxia”.So later Chinese people called themselves “the descendants of Yan and Huang”.

大约在4000多年前,黄河流域内形成了一些氏族部落,其中以炎帝、黄帝两大部族最强大。后来,黄帝取得盟主地位,并融合其它部族,形成”华夏族”,后世的中国人就自称为‘炎黄子孙’。

Dàyuē zài 4000 duōnián qián, huánghé liúyù nèi xíngchéngle yīxiē shìzú bùluò, qízhōng yǐ yándì, huángdì liǎng dà bùzú zuì qiáng dà. Hòulái, huángdì qǔdé méngzhǔ dìwèi, bìng rónghé qítā bùzú, xíngchéng”huáxià zú”, hòushì de zhōngguó rén jiù zìchēng wèi ‘yánhuáng zǐsūn’.

 

 

During a long historical period, China’s political, economic and cultural center has always been in the Yellow River Basin. China’s “Four Great Inventions” – papermaking, movable type printing, compass, gunpowder, all originated in the Yellow River Basin. There are also a large number of cultural classics such as “The Book of Songs”, Tang poetry, Song Ci and so on. The Yellow River Basin is regarded as the cradle of the Chinese nation, and the Yellow River is called the “Mother River”.

在相当长的历史时期,中国的政治、经济、文化中心一直在黄河流域。中国的”四大发明”–造纸、活字印刷、指南针、火药,都产生在黄河流域。这里也产生了《诗经》,唐诗,宋词等大量的文化典籍。黄河流域被认作中华民族的摇篮,黄河被称为”母亲河”。

Zài xiāngdāng zhǎng de lìshǐ shíqí, zhōngguó de zhèngzhì, jīngjì, wénhuà zhōngxīn yīzhí zài huánghé liúyù. Zhōngguó de”sì dà fāmíng”–zàozhǐ, huózì yìnshuā, zhǐnánzhēn, huǒyào, dōu chǎnshēng zài huánghé liúyù. Zhèlǐ yě chǎnshēngle “shījīng”, tángshī, sòngcí děng dàliàng de wénhuà diǎnjí. Huánghé liúyù bèi rèn zuò zhōnghuá mínzú de yáolán, huánghé bèi chēng wèi”mǔqīn hé”.

 

 

Learn Chinese Yellow River 学中文/黄河

 

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